Species name: Mangroves
Scientific name: Avicennia marina
Locally known as: Gurm
Description: Of all the species in nature, the mangrove is among the most fascinating and beneficial to humanity. This hardy tree acts as a natural windbreak, protecting us against tidal surges and purifying the surrounding water. It is also highly effective in storing Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, thus contributing to the fight against climate change. Mangroves also provide a safe, sheltered home for hundreds of bird and marine species, which aids biodiversity and helps to increase fish stocks.
IUCN status: Not evaluated.
Key threats: Climate change, building development and dredging.
Where they're found today: Mangrove forests are found in the warm waters of tropical oceans in regions across the world.
Abu Dhabi efforts: Abu Dhabi’s coastal areas are richly lined with mangrove forests. There are already an estimated 70 square km of mangrove forest across the Emirate. The Mangrove National Park has more than 19 square km of forest. Found within the city of Abu Dhabi, this park is a dense, luxuriant concentration of mangrove trees, protected by law.
- The wood of Mangrove trees was traditionally used to construct homes due to its hardness.
- The older the Mangrove tree, the more efficient it is at carbon sequestration.