Scientific name

Bubo ascalaphus

Locally known as


IUCN status

Least Concern


The Pharaoh Eagle Owl is a nocturnal bird that nests on cliffs but also in old tree nests of ravens. It has orangey-yellow eyes, short ear tufts and cat-like face patterns.

Key threats

Hunting, habitat destruction and poisoning.

Where they're found today

They are resident across north African and the Arabian Peninsula.

Abu Dhabi’s efforts

As part of EAD’s long-term bird monitoring program, Eagle Owls are also monitored.

Fun facts

  1. They are feared predators, feeding on cape hares, dhub lizards, hedgehogs, desert rodents and birds.
  2. Although nocturnal, they are often seen during the day sitting at the entrance to their nest
  3. They are silent hunters as their flight doesn’t make any sound, even if they are close to their prey due to slightly specialized wing feathers.
  4. They are monogamous- they pair up for life.
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